In Ohio, every tenant has one...(even if you don't have a lease
Think of three different kinds of rental agreements
Month to month (OLLTL calls this "periodic tenancy": rental agreement may be written or oral and it self renews every 30 days until one of the parties terminates with a 30 day notice. (ORC 5321.17). DO NOT NEED A REASON TO TERMINATE!
Fixed term: rental agreement begins on a set date and ends on a set date. Can only be terminated for BREACH OF THE AGREEMENT.
If tenant fails in a duty, landlord may terminate using the 30 day notice process in ORC 5321.11. Tenant may correct the breach of duty to stop the termination.
If landlord fails in a duty, tenant may terminate using the notice in ORC 5321.07 ("reasonable time, not more than 30 days).
Pay attention to the small print!
Sometimes a fixed term lease will include language about renewal-don't assume!
There is another way out of a fixed term rental agreement: mutual recission-both parties agree to rescind the agreement.
Assisted housing: are governed by State Law and Federal regulation
Public Housing, HUD and USDA
housing: Rental Agreements are written, self renewing month to month agreements that
permit a tenant to terminate with a 30 days notice; but
require a landlord to have "good cause" to terminate and
permit landlord to change rent if/when tenant income changes as described in regulations
permits landlord to create or modify house rules with a 60 day notice procedure as defined in regulation
Low Income Housing Tax Credits:
Landlord may use a conventional fixed term lease but must include a lease
addendum with programmatic requirements
Landlord must have good cause to
refuse to renew a rental agreement in Tax Credit housing.
Housing Choice Vouchers:
Landlord may offer a one year fixed term rental agreement for the first year of occupancy, then MAY renew as month to month
rental agreement must include lease addendum
with prorgrammatic requirements, but landlord is not required to have "good cause" for non renewal.